Mt Oak is on Ngarigo country at Billilingra, near Bredbo, on the western edge of the Monaro Plains of Southern New South Wales. Mt Oak is 1140 hectares of granite outcrops, mountains with Drooping Sheoak and Black Cypress Pine, Apple Box grassy woodland and Monaro temperate grasslands located on the Murrumbidgee River and the Murrumbucca Creek. In 2010, over 80% of the land came under a Voluntary Conservation Agreement.
Mt Oak was established at the 2nd ConFest in 1977 as a new type of collective community challenging the very notion of land ownership, and as a proving ground for pioneering dry-land self-sufficiency techniques such as permaculture, alternative energy and the keyline system. The 10 year anniversary ConFest was also held at Mt Oak. The land is cared for by the Mount Oak Community Association (MOCA).
After more than 40 years, though the MOCA members (old and new) may live elsewhere, the original ecological, ownership and consensus principles still apply to the land, while the restoration and stewardship of the rare and threatened ecosystems and species has become a major focus for today's community association and friends.